192.168.1.254 is a private IP address that is used by many router manufacturers as a default address. 192.168.1.254 also happens to be a class C private IPv4 address. IPv4 uses 32 – bit addresses, therefore we can have 4,294,967,296 (232) different addresses. Here is some information on the various class networks.
There are three classes of networks – Class A, Class B and Class C. The network Identification completely depends on the entire address.
Class A consists of networks from 184.108.40.206 to 127.0.0.0. It provides for a 24-bit host part, and gives way for 1.6 million hosts per network. Here the first bit = 0, and the network number is in the very first octet.
Class B has networks ranging from 220.127.116.11 through 18.104.22.168. This class has 16,320 nets with almost 65,024 hosts. The network number can be found in the first two octets.
Class C networks are from 192.0.0.0 to 22.214.171.124. 2 million networks up to 254 hosts can be found in this class. And the network number is contained in the first three octets.
Class A – First octet in binary – 0XXXXXXX
Class B – First octet in binary – 10XXXXXX
Class C – First octet in binary – 110XXXXX
The above will help you know how networks are divided and classified. 192.168.1.254 is a private IP address as it falls into the IP range which is reserved from the IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) as a private range.
Apart from these there are other IP addresses:
Classes D and E
The IP address falls into the range 126.96.36.199 through 254.0.0.0, these basically have distinct uses and are not specified into any particular network. Class D addresses are used for special purposes such as multi-casting and experimenting, while Class E addresses are reserved for the future. These are often only a handful lines of codes.
192.168.1.254 is a private P address, reserved for private networks which are not part of the Internet. Even though many home networks are linked to the Internet, they are not a part of it. Here is where the network user is applied, it guides the network data to the appropriate computer on the home network. Hence, many computers have to share the same ISP connection, and are not directly reachable from the Internet. The good thing about this is with the increasing threats of viruses on the Internet, it is for the best if direct contact is avoided.